Thursday, December 17, 2009

Plan to Move 'Gitmo' Detainees to Illinois Prison Under Fire From Both Right and Left

Plan By Federal Government to Purchase Underutilized Maximum-Security State Prison in President's Home State Is Attacked By Republicans as 'a Threat to U.S. Security' and By Rights Advocates as 'Continuation of Unconstitutional Bush Policy' -- But Welcomed By State Officials as a 'Much-Needed Boost' to Job-Starved Local Economy

Guantanamo Prison

The controversy over what to do with the estimated 240 remaining terror suspects now being held at the Guantánamo Bay detention camp (above) -- which President Obama pledged to close by the end of the year -- remains a red-hot political controversy that flared anew this week after the Obama administration announced that it was purchasing an underutilized maximum-security state prison in Illinois to house the detainees. the announcement triggered sharp criticism form both sides of the ongoing debate over Guantánamo Bay, with conservatives blasting the plan as posing a threat to the safety of Americans and human-rights advocates denouncing it as a continuation of former President George W. Bush's policy of indefinite detention that violates the U.S. Constitution and international law. (Photo: U.S. Department of Defense)

(Posted 5:00 a.m. EST Thursday, December 17, 2009)

-- For the next two weeks, The 'Skeeter Bites Report will be in holiday mode, republishing its annual special on "The Pagan Roots of Christmas" -- updated for 2009 -- on Monday, December 21 and presenting its third annual 'Skeeter Bites Awards "dishonors" for the worst people of the year on the following Monday, December 28. The Thursday edition of The 'Skeeter Bites Report is going on hiatus and will return on January 7. Happy Holidays!


Inter-Press Service

Human-rights advocates and members of the Republican Party found unusual common ground this week. Both registered strong objections to the announcement that the Obama administration would be transferring detainees from the Guantánamo Bay detention camp in Cuba to a maximum security prison in Illinois.

But their reasons were starkly different.

The Weekly Standard, a conservative political publication and a reliable barometer of Republican sentiment, posted on its blog page a congressional GOP memorandum that said, "In announcing this decision, there still remains no explication of how closing Guantanamo makes America safer."

"Quite to the contrary, unnecessarily importing al-Qaida terrorists into the United States 1) gives them more legal protections, including Constitutional rights, than they have now at Guantanamo, 2) increases the chances they may be released into the country, and 3) in exchange for these significant costs, does not appease the Democratic base, and certainly will not appease al-Qaida," it said.

House Republicans were furious, with The Washington Post quoting House GOP Leader John Boehner (R-Ohio) as vowing that his party "will seek every remedy at our disposal to stop this dangerous plan."

Human and civil rights leaders, on the other hand, worried not about security concerns, but rather about the impact of Guantanamo transfers on the U.S. justice system.

Typical of the views of this group was Michael Ratner, president of the Center for Constitutional Rights, which has mobilized dozens of pro-bono lawyers to defend prisoners at Guantanamo Bay -- "Gitmo" for short.

"Closing Gitmo physically is not closing it, if the practices underlying Gitmo remain. President Obama is rewrapping Gitmo, but a new wrapper can't make it constitutional," Ratner told IPS.

"Preventive detention is still preventive detention in Illinois. Military commissions are still military commissions in Illinois. And holding people even though the courts or the government have exonerated them is still a barbaric practice whether at 'Gitmo' or in Illinois," he added.

Ratner asked rhetorically: "Can Obama really think he can fool all of the people all of the time?"


A similar view was expressed by Brian Foley, visiting associate professor at the Boston University School of Law.

"A change in location doesn't end the problem, which is this: imprisoning human beings based on little or no evidence or unreliable evidence that they have done anything wrong or are otherwise a danger," Foley told IPS. "This is a shell game fueled by fear and cowardice. This sweeping power grab by our government endangers all of our human rights and civil liberties."

An even more condemnatory note was sounded by Francis Boyle, a professor at the University of Illinois Law School.

"Obama's 'Gitmo on the Mississippi' simply represents the importation of the illegal Gitmo kangaroo court system into the United States and thus the needless and unprincipled perversion of our Article III federal court system founded by the United States Constitution in 1787, together with America's Bill of Rights," said Boyle.

He added, "Britain, which does not have a [written] Constitution and a Bill of Rights and against which America fought a Revolution, set up a similar 'preventive detention' system over a generation ago in order to deal with alleged terrorists in Northern Ireland. Known as the infamous Diplock Courts, their perversions of justice were routinely documented and condemned by every human rights organization and court to have examined them."

"It is the height of tragic irony for a teacher of U.S. constitutional law to have these new Obama courts go down into the annals of jurisprudential infamy along with the Diplock courts," he added.


The American Civil Liberties Union, the nation's largest human rights group, agreed.

"While the Obama administration inherited the Guantánamo debacle, this current move is its own affirmative adoption of those policies. It is unimaginable that the Obama administration is using the same justification as the Bush administration used to undercut centuries of legal jurisprudence and the principle of innocent until proven guilty and the right to confront one's accusers," said Anthony Romero, the ACLU's executive director, in a statement issued Tuesday.

A somewhat more hopeful view was expressed by Chip Pitts, president of the Bill of Rights Defense Committee, and a lecturer at Stanford University law school.

"Notwithstanding the political opposition's fake grandstanding about supposed enhanced threats, this move to a civilian rather than a military facility is a welcome symbolic and practical step toward closing Guantanamo," Pitts told IPS. "It affirms that the United States is not afraid to deal with accused terrorists on its own soil, and sends a vital message of distance from Bush administration illegalities."

He added, "Whether intended to do so or not, it could also represent a first, tentative step toward treating accused al-Qaida members like the common criminals they are instead of holy warriors locked in battle with a superpower.

"Finally affording these prisoners due process of law would be one of the most effective means of counterterrorism imaginable," Pitts said.


The Weekly Standard summed up its presentation of the Republican viewpoint with this passage: "Voluntarily bringing al-Qaida terrorists into the United States is a fantastically bad idea for multiple reasons, as it clearly fails any cost-benefit analysis. The tremendous costs of this decision include increasing the chances al-Qaida terrorists may be released into the United States, and providing them more legal protections than they currently have at Guantanamo."

But congressional Republicans have not been alone in expressing fear of "terrorists being set free on the streets of our neighbourhoods." Democrats -- especially those from conservative districts or those who are facing tight election races in 2010 -- have been equally outspoken in opposition to the president's plans.

Earlier this year, Congress voted to deny Obama any funds for transporting Guantanamo detainees to the U.S. – even for trial – without permission from Congress following a 45-day waiting period.


Under the president's plan, detainees would be transferred to the Thomson Correctional Center, a maximum- security prison located just outside of Thomson, Illinois. Built in 2001, it is owned by the State of Illinois, from which the federal government will have to buy it.

The Federal Bureau of Prisons will erect a more robust perimeter fence to increase security. The portion of the prison that will be used to house Guantanamo detainees will be operated by the Defense Department, while the rest of the prison, which can hold 1,600 prisoners, will be operated by the Bureau of Prisons, part of the Department of Justice.

The military tribunals would presumably be held there.

Illinois officials, including the governor and the state's two senators, have welcomed the move because it will create several thousand new jobs in Illinois, where the unemployment rate is currently at approximately 11 percent.

One of the state's senators, Richard Durbin – the number two Democrat in the Senate – estimated that about 100 prisoners would be transferred to Thompson.

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Volume IV, Number 95
Special Report Copyright 2009, Inter-Press Service, LLC.
The 'Skeeter Bites Report Copyright 2009, Skeeter Sanders. All rights reserved.


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